Kroeger Clock no. 1689, 1893 (MC0002)
This clock was made during the peak period of Kroeger clock manufacture, 1890 to 1910. It was commissioned by a wealthy Mennonite factory owner, indicative of the continued economic prosperity for some, and would have been one of the most expensive models the Kroegers made. By this time, the Kroegers had started using serial numbers as well. Though not an unusual design, this is not a typical one; most Kroeger clocks of this period had lighter dials with floral decals. This clock is also significant because it belonged to Arthur Kroeger’s maternal grandparents, and it was the first clock that he restored, repaired, and repainted.
Dietrich Schulz of Osterwick, Chortitza Colony, commissioned this clock as a gift for his son, Peter D. Schulz (1871–1914) and future daughter-in-law, Anna Zacharias (1871–1950) for their wedding in 1893. These were Arthur Kroeger's maternal grandparents. They settled in Osterwick (now Dolynske, Ukraine).
Peter died of a heart attack in 1914. Anna, three sons, one daughter-in-law, and one grandson immigrated to Canada in 1927. One more son came to Canada later. Eventually the Schulz sons were able to make a living as farmers in Alberta. The clock passed to Peter Schulz Jr., Anna and Peter's son. He offered it to Arthur Kroeger in the 1960s. This is the first clock that Arthur restored, repaired, and repainted. For more information about the history of this clock, read A Love Story featured on this web site.
Description Thirty-hour wall clock with pendulum and weight-driven movement, made by the Kroeger clockmakers in Rosenthal, Russian Empire (now Ukraine), in 1893, serial number 1689. Arched dial with raised chapter ring is red-brown with a double border around the perimeter and across the arch, and a single border around the arch. Arch has a hand-painted gold scroll decoration. Spandrels are hand-painted gold scrolls as well. Red-brown chapter ring with gold Roman numerals; silver outer rings marking every five minutes and the minute; silver inner ring with black Arabic numerals marking the calendar. Three hands; bell and calendar functions; repeater mechanism; chain drive; four weights.
Mennonite Clock Number MC0002
Object Name Kroeger Clock
Serial Number 1689
Date Created 1893
Maker Kroeger Clockmakers
Location Made Rosenthal, Chortitza Colony, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Dial Form Arched dial with raised chapter ring
Face Design Motifs Scroll design
Type of Hands Brass
Number of Hands 3
Height 49 cm Depth 15.2 cm Width 31.2 cm
Functions Bell, Calendar
Owner Kroeger Clocks Heritage Foundation
Publications Arthur Kroeger, ‘Kroeger Clocks’ (Steinbach, MB: Mennonite Heritage Village, 2012), page 104. Arthur Kroeger, ‘The Kroeger Clock,’ in ‘First Mennonite Villages in Russia, 1789–1943’, ed. N. J. Kroeker (Vancouver: N. J. Kroeger, 1981), 87.
Notes Arthur Kroeger referred to this clock as the ‘Schulz Clock.’